There are a variety of contraceptive methods available. No one method will suit all. Many have to try alternative methods until one if found that is suitable. The type of contraception chosen will also be affected by other considerations like the woman’s age, desire for fertility, presence of medical conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure to name a few. Individualisation of the woman’s needs is most important in the final decision.The range of contraception is wide and can be broadly divided into the following:
- Natural methods – withdrawal, Billings
- Barrier methods – condoms, diaphragm
- Intrauterine device – Copper IUD
- Hormonal methods –
- tablets – oral contraceptive Pill
- Injectables – Depoprovera
- Implants – Implanon
- Intrauterine device – Mirena IUD
- Surgery – sterilisation
Whilst sterilisation will need to be undertaken in a hospital, IUD insertion can be undertaken in my Rooms.
Before a decision is made, a comprehensive medical assessment and examination will be required. A significant family history of breast cancer, blood clots or heart disease may influence the type of contraception used. The importance of fully exploring the individual woman’s concerns and taking her wishes into account goes a long way in ensuring a successful choice is made.
For most, the family doctor will be able to provide good advice and initiate treatment. I see my role in those with complex medical problems or where treatment options continue to cause significant side effects.